Glossary for Furniture Terms
ABACUS. molded piece that crowns the capital, in the form of board.
Splayed. Shaped horn.
GROOVE. architectural and furniture shaped ornament channel, slot or groove.
ACANTHUS. Thistle leaves used as decoration on furniture.
ADAM. Robert and James (1728-1792). English designers that apply to the construction of the classical furniture lines.
ARABESQUE. Ornamentation of geometrical combinations or vegetables multifarious Arab origin, used in friezes, baseboards and furniture valances.
ARC. Portion of a geometric anyone who closes a gap in the top corner.
Arquimesa. Cabinet composed of a vertical body with many drawers and a board that can be picked up or out to make the functions table. See all abbreviations on ABBREVIATIONFINDER.
HANDLE. Element wood, iron, bronze or other material, which is applied on the drawers and doors to open. Shooter.
ASTRAGALUS. Small semicircular convex molding. Bull.
Lectern. Furniture sometimes shaped rotating inclined plane to support books or open papers which have been read.
COUNTERSINK. Widen the holes or openings that are made in wood screws so that they remain countersunk head.
SIDEWALK. Small landing formed along a wall when it changes from thick at its height.
Bargueño. eminently Spanish Moorish furniture, square-shaped box with handles on the sides and hinged lid, designates a type of desk with drawers and interior drawers.
BERGÈRE (fr) stuffed armchair, with arms whose shape tended to wrap the user’s body, shielding; the back is concave, with two upholstered sides attached to it; He carries a loose cushion on the seat. Its use starts and mid-eighteenth century France.
HINGE. Piece formed by two metal plates hinged together with two parts or two parts of a thing, which, in turn, must be articulated, for example, a door or window frame or edículo and they fastened. Hinge. Pernio.
KEYHOLE. Part view of the lock; It is decorated with openwork plates or chiseled iron or bronze.
BONHEUR DU JOUR (fr) Small desktop-secretaire Lady, fitted with a small cabinet with little drawers, landings or compartments, usually closed with an attached to the rear edge of the desk and provided, at the bottom, hinged lid of a cabinet or small bookshelf, its use began around mid-eighteenth century France.
OFFICE. Desk with drawers. Bureau. Especially that close with cylindrical shade.
CABINET (fr) Small cabinet or credenza used to place, often in sight, objects of various kinds.
CABRIOLET (fr) characteristic shape leg of the eighteenth century, introduced in Europe in the late seventeenth century, from China; silhouette of elongated S curves outward beyond the edge of the chair seat, then descend in a tapered a reverse on the inside, which gradually decreases and ends in a small ornamental foot-shaped stick, clog, claw, bun, scroll and ball. And concave curved back chairs.
Canterano. Name given in Catalonia comfortable with inclined desk top; It indicates a cabinet with many drawers, transformation of the old bunker, which was added in the sixteenth century drawers, initially in the base and later, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, all the furniture; in the early eighteenth century, the squad or comfortable definitely replaced the old bunker.
CANTONERA. Piece that is placed on the angles or corners of furniture to give them strength, reinforce or decorate.
CAPITAL. Parta top that crowns the column.
PLATE. Painted or sculpted representation of a paper roll not entirely deployed, generally with inscriptions, used for ornamental purposes. decorative motif, such as cardboard or paper, usually in the form of card and whose edges are twisted into scrolls and other items, according to the style employed. Cantilevered element S-shaped holding a spigot. Bracket.
CELOSIA. Or openwork lattice of various parallel elements folded and put in windows or other sites celar inside or what’s on the other side letting air and light.
CENEFA. Drawing decoration that can be placed on the edge of something, consisting of a motive or drawing repeated indefinitely.
CHAMFER. In the bodies having edges or corners cut face it is one of those for close to the edge and parallel to it up.
Chaise longue (fr) chair seat to extend long legs; You may have a low back on his feet.
PLATED. Technique used by cabinetmakers for ornamental purposes, consisting of coating the surface of common wood furniture or objects, with better quality sheets, with a thickness of 0.5 to 2 mm, depending on the type of decorative motif to be compose, fine wood or tortoise shell, mother of pearl or ivory.
CHIFFONNIE. (Fr) tall, narrow cabinet with many drawers, characteristic of late eighteenth century and the nineteenth.
COLUMN. architectural element consisting of a tall, thin piece, generally round section, holding a bow, ceiling, beam, etc .; It forms usually defined style of architecture and furniture; the most common nomenclatures are: Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian or composite, ATTICA, free, detached, Solomonic or wound, gothic, drums, corrugated or ridged, corolítica.
COMFORTABLE. Arquibanco supported on high legs and therefore comfortable, designed to keep objects and provided with drawers full height, with a horizontal board on top.
CONSOLE. Table ornaments, made to be against the wall, on which ornaments, such as a clock, candlesticks or vases are placed. nosepiece that supports a ledge. Bracket.
PLYWOOD. Board consisting of one or more sheets of wood glued cross veins; this construction prevents warping, movements, cracks and contractions or dilations, defects that are subject solid wood by heat or moisture.
POMPADOUR. Highest part of a cabinet. top of a broken skirt.
CORNICE. Cantilevered, generally horizontal, and with moldings, made of wood, stone or other material, which serves as capstone to another, to adorn it or protect it; each has its characteristic architectural style cornice, with variants and ratios appropriate to the needs of aesthetic or utilitarian; in the five orders of classical architecture, the ledge is the top of the three that make up the entablature and this occupies two fifths of its height.
CORNUCOPIA. Decorative motif consisting of a broad horn overflowing with flowers and fruits used as a symbol of abundance. Golden frame, wide, carved, sometimes with candle holders with a small mirror, used as decoration.
Credence. Cabinet similar to the comfortable dimensions, shaped cabinet equipped with two or more doors, with or without drawers to store dishes, tablecloths and food;sometimes presents a height of several shelves to expose dinnerware value.
DICE. Centerpiece of the pedestal of the column without moldings, net. square and flat capstone of a capital column. Abacus.
Serration. Ornamentation leading in outline many tiny teeth.
Dentil. Each parallelepiped pieces which, forming a series, decorate, for example, the top of the frieze.
DIVAN. As a bench seat, long and fluffy, and wide enough to accommodate several people or lying down, with wooden or metal structure, rather low, usually backless and with loose cushions length. The couch was spread in Europe during the eighteenth century, and the next was largely replaced by the more comfortable sofa.
ASSEMBLE. Union, joint, coupling, or set of wooden pieces by special courts by engaging projecting portions of the incoming parts one on the other. Particularly, tongue and groove, dovetail, loop, pincers, medium wood, miter, miter false, tongue or lambeta box with spikes, missing links, etc.
FOOTSTOOL. small platform that stands in front of him who sits for resting your feet on it. small backless seat. Stool.
SCOTLAND. More outgoing coving at the bottom, usually between two bulls. Molding generally curved wall that connects with the ceiling.
DESK. Writing table with drawers for papal. Bureau.
GROOVE. Mediacaña with hole or slot, usually tilling in some columns or pilasters from top to bottom.
SKIRT. a movable structural part joining the upper part of the legs below the seat or lid.
FILLET. Molding member, the finest of all, as a long and narrow list. Listel. Drawing or long and narrow relief of uniform width, which is about something, as an element of it or as a garnish.
FRISO. architectural decorative element consisting of a strip, generally horizontal, in which figures or ornamental motifs are carved; It is part of the entablature in the classical orders. Faja ornamental motif of garlands, festoons, trophies or other, applied to objects to decorate.
FRONTIS. Facade or front of a house or, by analogy, a piece of furniture.
SHANK. Part of that middle column between the capital and the base
GALLERY. Attempt of columns and arches on top of a cabinet.
CLAW. Termination leg similar to that of certain animals (lion, eagle, etc.) furniture.
CLAW AND BALL. Foot-shaped cabriole paw for tables and chairs, which takes on the appearance of a claw that holds a sphere.
DRAWER. Drawer there at the table writing and paper.
BORDER. Motif consisting of a more or less wide band in which the same combination of decorative elements geometrically repeated.
TRIMS. Adornment tops, surrounds and enriches various pieces of furniture, for example, moldings around the doors and drawers, tinsel tapestries, etc. Garrison.
Guéridon (fr) circular table small size, with a central foot or pedestal, which was used in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to hold candles, games, glasses, etc.
WREATH. Adorno crown-shaped flowers open.
HERMES. Quadrangular pilaster whose top consists of a human head with beard, generally representing the Greek god Hermes. Common in ancient times, was used as a decorative element from the sixteenth century, and spread especially in the Baroque and Rococo periods.
IRONWORK. Set pieces of iron with a piece of furniture is garnished with which originally were reinforced. Set of pieces for safe and easy rotation of the doors or windows.
IMBRICATION. architectural motif consisting of the juxtaposition of small jagged polygonal superimposed other alternating empty or filled with curvilinear motifs also imitating fish scales.
INCRUSTATION. Embedded in wood, metal or stone, for decorative purposes.
JAMB. Each of the side parts of which form a gap.
JONQUIL. Round and minor trim the torus, used as a backing plate. Verduguillo.
LACA. waterproof varnish Eastern origin, obtained from the sap of the lacquer tree, typical of China and then introduced into Japan.
Tracery. Decoration with interlaced moldings ties or sashes.
BRASS. Alloy of copper and zinc, and sometimes other materials, pale yellow, it is the material of many everyday objects such as door handles or furniture fittings.
TIE dovetail Assembly, alone or successive assemblies for angle pieces. Any ornament or object shaped crisscross loop or loops.
LUIS IS. generically to describe the evolution of French furniture of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries expression.
WOOD VISTA. It is said of the upholstered wood work when the armature is in sight, and the seats of Louis XV and Louis XVI.
MARQUETRY. decorative, very similar to the inlay, applied to the structure of the furniture and composed of thin pieces of wood or other organic material, such as bone or ivory, or mineral, arranged such that a mosaic with floral motifs, arabesques veneering and pictorial scenes. Inlay. Intarsia.
MEDALLION. decorative element circular oval or elliptical, generally framed figurative motifs, but also landscapes, heraldic shields and others, carved, painted, with metal embossed or bas-relief.
MEDIA CANE. coving, whose profile is usually a semicircle. Troquillo. Canaleto. Ruff. Caveo.
BRACKET. Piece of architecture, furniture decoration or attached to a wall and projecting it to provide support for something; generally in the form of a scroll by holding the top shelf and supported by the bottom in the wall or, if a piece of furniture, in the back part to it.
METAL. It is continually used to designate brass.
MOLDING. Adorno in a band consisting highlighted with different profiles and sometimes with items such as eggs or leaves repeated in succession; the main types are: Concave (reed, caveto and horses); Convex (bull and torus); multiple (gola, heel, steak and Scotland).
UPRIGHT. vertical element of the structure to join a cabinet in the traverse boxes or horizontal elements, to form a frame. Hollow window or on a door.
Ogival particularly applies to the Gothic style characterized by the use of the warhead for all types of arches.
ORLA Gaza ornament placed on the edge of one thing or furniture.
OR moulu (fr) gold and mercury amalgam used to decorate the French bronzes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. gold ground very fine powder to illuminate.
ORNAMENTATION. Set of elements outside the structure of a piece of furniture, which applies to beautify and engalanarlo.
Such OVAL shaped object similar to that of an egg or her profile. Ellipse. Oval.
SHOVEL. Central and vertical widest part on the backs of the chairs from the eighteenth century, especially in the Queen Anne, Georgian and Directory.
GOLD BREAD. subtlest gold foil used for decorative claddings.
PANEL. Each of the flat portions, limited by moldings, pillars, etc., in a door leaf, in large surfaces of the furniture and walls claddings.
Paper mache (fr) Material consisting of macerated or variously treated paper, glue, plaster and sometimes sand, is modeled when it is still soft and baked to harden.
PATINA. Kind of gloss or hard varnish, shiny olive color, formed in ancient objects by effects of environment and time, and also gives artificially to assess the objects or furniture.
BASE. Support cantilever foot or platform on which is placed an effigy, figure, image or something else.
PEDESTAL. Pilaster, relatively low, base and cornice, which supports a column, a statue or other decorative motif. Contrabasa.
PROFILE. Outline of a plane figure. Figure that presents any figure carved on a vertical plane. Each of the long, thin strokes painters or decorators do to shape ornaments.
PILASTER. square or semicircular column attached to a surface or in front of a building or furniture.
CEILING. lower plane of the projection of a cornice or other architectural element or cantilever carpentry. Soffit. Soffit. Adorno standing in the middle of the ceiling of a room in the center of which is generally the carrier to suspend the lamp.
PLINTH. square or prismatic bottom of the base of the column or any vertical element.
POLISH . Smooth the surface of a rubbing with suitable substances useful or object.
RACK. Work done crisscrossing fibers stems or certain plants used for seats of chairs, rocking, etc.
SHELF. Solid work or grabbing a wall, wall or other building element, which protrudes a bit more than the rest.
Emboss. Working sheet metal or other materials, such as leather, a hammer, making it figures in relief.
Retranqueado. Total or partial reversal of the front of a cabinet. Delayed.
DIAMOND. Ornamentation used in marquetry Louis XVI style and as small applications, in the Directory and Empire. Lozenge.
ROSETA. Adorno or round or elliptical gusset, rose-shaped or stylized acanthus leaf, widely used in all styles.
RUBAN (fr) tape.
Solomonic. In one column, circular section shaft spirally twisted. Gimped.
SECRÉTAIRE (fr) writing desk or cabinet in which they can hide and keep secrets or roles in little drawers and drawers.
SIZE. artistic technique that is performed on the surface of the wood furniture, object, hard stone, marble, etc., figures, motifs and ornamental decorations in low or high relief.
TABACEA. Crimped or sausage on a wooden surface materials such as wood, mother of pearl, shells, etc., composing figures and ornamental motifs.
TARIMA. Boarded high, sometimes with several steps, on which thrones and chairs were placed, to give greater authority to whom he sat.
SHOOTER. Handle, handle or appendix which is pulled to open or close a drawer, a door, etc.
Technical TURNING to shape the legs of furniture consisting of styling or round a prismatic piece of wood, fixed on a horizontal platform that rotates around a vertical board to reach the form of a leg of circular section and profile required .
CROSSBAR. Any bar, ribbon or piece of wood or other material, joining two opposite sides of a thing, like the legs of tables, chairs, etc. Chambrana.
TRIPOD. Three feet.
SCROLL. Ornament in the shape of coil that is placed in the capitals of the Ionic orders, and that is by extension pieces of furniture.
ZAPATA. horizontal piece above or below a right to hold or carry their weight and better distributing extended top load foot. Bracket.
PLINTH. smooth or lower body molded of a cabinet that separates shoots and soil.