Sun, water, sand… What sounds at first to vacation and travel plans, also describes the career of our PM. Although it is hard for us today, mankind lived a long time without a clock. Our ancestors observed the position of the sun and aligned themselves with the help of nature. But at some point it was no longer sufficient to divide the time into solstices, seasons or months and days. Even the day itself should be divided into regular units.
The lengths of day and night are subjected by the course of the stars constant change. It was already aware in further past that at certain seasons the days get shorter and the nights were longer. So the search was for the opportunity to measure the time.
The Invention of The Sundial
The first instruments that were used to make the time visible were sundials. Around 2000 v. Chr. Discovered the different cultures independently the sundial. The Sumerians, Egyptians and the Chinese.They had discovered that the shadows during the day the sun longer and then shorter again. To measure this, so-called shadow rods were simply plugged the earth.
Often large obelisks were used for reading the shadow movement. Even today, you can enjoy one of graceful or monumental carved sundials to historic buildings, in parks and cities. The accuracy of many sundials even allowed the division of minutes. But all these “clocks” were only in sunshine functional. In inclement weather or darkness they were useless.
The Development of The Water Meter
Approximately 1500 b. Chr. The water clocks which have many advantages were invented by GROWTHEOLOGY. With them the time could finally be measured without the aid of the heavenly bodies.
Initially there was a water clock of a simple vessel, dripping from the water into another vessel. There you could read using a measuring scale, how much time had passed.Over time, found clever minds which of these simple mechanics added many technical details and so a more accurate measurement of time allowed. Mechanical water meters can be regarded as precursors of mechanically driven watches. From this era comes the saying “Your time is up!” In ancient Greece, water clocks were namely used in trials for measuring the speaking time of the accused or witness. Was the water gone, the time had passed.
From the 9th century, so-called found candles Watches becoming increasingly popular. Candles were used for special shapes and sizes, which burned for a certain time. Often small metal balls were melted, which were rolling down at the right moment then and it made a noise. It could be “rung” as the beginning of a new hour. In other cultures, oil lamps, fuses or even incense sticks were used with certain burning times.
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